ActiveTest – Instantiation, mocking, and injection for the lazy
May 30, 2009
David Saff wrote in on Introducing MagicTest, asking why not just instantiate the variable in-line (
private Foo foo = new Foo();).
Which brings me to the real reason for coming up with
A code sample is worth a thousand words. Suppose we have a Spring JPA data access object:
WidgetDao needs a JPA
EntityManager provided to it at construction time. Normally, to write a unit test for
WidgetDao we’d have to create our mock objects and setup our test scaffolding manually.
ActiveTest, however, all we need to write is:
I’m lazy like that.
Under the hood
ActiveTest uses the
ParameterizedType hack to discover the actual type parameter (the class under test) at run-time.
It then inspects the test class instance for any fields annotated with Mockito’s
@Mock, and has Mockito construct those mock objects. At the same time, each mock object is registered into an internal Spring auto-wiring capable bean factory.
Finally, that Spring bean factory is itself used to construct an instance of the class under test. Because we’re using Spring itself to perform construction, we fully support field, setter or construction-based
@Autowired injection of dependencies.